GLOSSARY


2D: 2D is referred to any two-dimensional work that is applied on a support, in art..

3D: 3D is referred to any three-dimensional work in art.  

4D: 4D is referred to any artwork that exists in a three-dimensional space and also contains the element of ‘time’ such as sound and/or moving image, kinetic energy, etc. 

Appropriation: Appropriation in art is copying and altering of preexisting images, objects, etc. by intention.

Archival pigment printing: Print type prepared in the laboratory-based on pigment transfer suitable for the archive.

Assemblage: Composition created by combining voluminous objects on a surface chosen by the artist. 

Canvas: It is mainly used as a surface for a painting by stretching over a frame. Cotton, hemp, and linen are mostly used as the material of a canvas. 

Ceramics: Objects that are made of clay and hardened by heat such as pots and vases. 

Chromogenic color print: Also known as C-print or C-type print. The Chromogenic photographic paper contains three emulsion layers sensitized to one of the primary colors; red, yellow, and blue. After the image from positive color transparency or negative has been exposed to Chromogenic paper, each layer reacts to the chemicals to create a full-color image. 

Collage: Collage in art is referred to as the technique in which different fragments of materials (most commonly paper) are used to re-arrange an image and then put together on a supporting surface.

Curator: A curator is a person who manages a collection in the mean of creating a certain impact by organizing an exhibition..

Diasec: Presentation of the prints prepared in the laboratory as a plexiglass sandwich with the addition of the carcass by plastering on dibond or forex.

Diorama: Scenes created by the artist using models of a certain scale.

Diptych: An artwork consists of two panels, these most commonly hinged together.

Drawing: An art medium carried out with a pen, crayon, pencil, charcoal, or other implements.

Edition: Each limited number printing of a work determined by the artist. The number of editions is written on the work you own or on the certificate of authenticity by numbering over the total edition. For example, the third of the 12 editions will be numbered 3/12. An artwork can never have more than a predetermined number of prints.

Exposure: In photography, it refers to the amount of light per unit on the image.

Fine Art print: Giclée printing; print type suitable for the archive prepared with inkjet printers in the laboratory for photographs and similar works of art..

Found object: An object that was not originally made and used for art, and has been redesigned for an artistic purpose.

GIF (The Graphics Interchange Format): An image or video in a bitmap image format.

Gravure:: The type of printing where the lacquer applied on a metal plate is etched and used as a cliché after being corroded with acid.

Hahnemühle: Professional brand in paper production since 1584. It is preferred especially for photo and art prints with its textured and non-woven options and different weights. 

Installation: A form of art that is most commonly site-specific. Mixed-media techniques are usually involved to construct an installation and often invites to active engagement by the spectator. The installation has become a major standard in modern art in the 1960s together with the emergence of conceptual art.

Kinetic sculpture: Sculpture that contains motion exists in form of moving parts in the structure and/or may contain light, sound, and video to create the moving effect.

Interaction Design: With the purpose of human interaction, the practice of designing digital environments. 

Lino printmaking: A type of printing engraved on linoleum material and applied as a cliché.  

Medium: The materials that are used to create an artwork, and/or the art categorization based on the materials used, for example, drawing, sculpture, painting.

Mixed media: An art technique in which two or more artistic media are used and are combined in a single composition.

Monochrome: A work of art composed of values of only one color.

Monoprinting: Technique of printing on paper after applying a pattern with paint on a smooth surface.

Mural: A large-scaled painting on a wall or ceiling.

Oil Paint: A form of paint in which the particles of pigment is suspended in oil. When exposed to air, it slowly dries.

Painting: A work of art made from paint applied to support such as canvas, paper, wood, wall, etc.

Panel: A flat surface, a board, most commonly made of wood.

Pastel: A colored drawing medium in a stick form. It is composed of finely ground pigment mixed with a binder. Pastel sticks are most commonly applied to a textured paper. Soft and oil pastels are the ones mostly used.

Photomontage: A photomontage is a collage consists of photographs or photographic reproductions.

Pigment: Pigment is a substance that produces the color of any medium by mixing it with oil, water, or another fluid, and becomes paint.

Plastic: A natural and synthetic material in various forms and appearances. It is relatively malleable and can be shaped into different objects by molding. .

Plate: The term plate in printmaking is referred to the flat surface onto which the design is applied in the form of etching or engraving etc.

Plywood: A material also used for art made of thin layers of wood veneer. The layers become a form after they have been heated, glued, and pressed together..

Print: A work of art applied by various methods involving transfer from one surface to another. The creation process involves two steps: first, the execution on one surface, often metal or wood; secondly, transferring to another, often paper. The most commonly known printmaking techniques are etching, lithography, and screenprint. Most of the printmaking techniques enable the creation of multiple copies of the work. 

Readymade: It describes the work of art made from prefabricated, often manufactured objects. These objects are not produced to be artwork but reached the status of art by the artist. The term was coined by French artist Marcel Duchamp.

Roll: The prints prepared in the laboratory are professionally wrapped and placed in a sterile tube without any plastering or framing process. Since the works received in this way are very sensitive, they should be opened and placed in a frame by a professional.

Screenprint: A stencil-based printmaking technique. First, a piece of fabric (silk or synthetic) is stretched over a frame to create a screen. The image then is transferred to the fabric, and then directly onto paper. The technique is also known as serigraphy.

Schoeller: Paper brand with a high-weight range, generally preferred for patterns and images.  

Site-specific: It refers to an artwork that is designed for a specific location.

Sketch: A rendering of the basic elements of a composition, often made in a rapidly executed manner. Sketches are mostly considered as studies for another composition.

Triptych: An artwork consists of three panels, these most commonly hinged together.

Video: Moving image work of art recorded onto magnetic tape or digital formats, or originated using other mechanisms.

 

 

Watercolor: The term watercolor refers to both the medium and also the work of art using this medium that is water-soluble paint. The most commonly used surface is paper.

 

 

Watermark: Watermark is the mark on a sheet of paper that is only visible under transmitted light; most commonly represents the trademark design of the printmaker. It is also applied for placement of videos online if the work is considered as an artwork to prevent unauthorized use and/or distribution to protect authenticity rights.